How is cervical cancer diagnosed?

The doctor asks questions about the woman's medical history and family history. The doctor will also do a pelvic exam and Pap test. If the doctor finds something suspicious, other tests can help determine if the woman has cervical cancer. It is very important to know the extent of the cancer--how deeply it has invaded tissues. The treatment can be quite different depending upon this.

The doctor may order one or more of these tests to help make a diagnosis.

  • HPV test
  • Colposcopy
  • Biopsy

Depending upon the extent or location of the cancer, the biopsy may be done in a variety of ways.