What are other government departments and agencies doing?

Many other Federal departments and agencies have pursued and/or have also conducted scientific studies on this subject. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Air Force (USAF), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), National Cancer Institute (NCI), and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have all been involved in research. The CDC published an important study, partially funded by VA, in 1984 regarding Vietnam veterans' risks of fathering babies with birth defects. CDC investigators found that overall Vietnam veterans were not at increased risk of fathering a child with birth defects. VA also funded the CDC Vietnam Experience Study published in 1997 and 1988, and the CDC Selected Cancers Study published in 1990. The USAF is conducting a long-term study of mortality and morbidity among the men involved in the herbicide spraying missions. Air Force researchers have issued numerous reports regarding their findings in this ongoing project. This important project is scheduled for termination in 2006. NIOSH is maintaining a registry of individuals exposed to dioxins and other chemicals in the workplace. NCI has studied the health effects of herbicides on selected agricultural workers. EPA worked with VA on the determination of dioxin in adipose tissue. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology collaborated with VA on soft tissue sarcoma research. Obviously, Federal departments and agencies have undertaken a considerable amount of research. According to the final report of the Domestic Policy Council's Agent Orange Working Group issued in 1994, "There are 38 ongoing projects and 189 completed projects." The report indicates, "over $127 million has been spent on the completed projects, an additional $86 million has been spent" on the ongoing projects, and that "$70 million is estimated to be necessary over the next ten years to complete the current ongoing projects." Several States also have undertaken research efforts to learn more about the possible health effects of Agent Orange and the Vietnam experience upon our nation's veterans. Research being done by non-VA agencies and organizations is more fully described in Agent Orange Brief, C3.