Type 1 diabetes is an ancient condition documented as far back as 1500 BC. Although much is now understood about its occurrence and consequences, research is still ongoing to understand the actual cause of type 1 diabetes. At the moment it is believed to be caused by an auto-immune response that may be triggered by a viral or other infection, which damages the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. As the cause of type 1 diabetes is still unclear many myths continue to persist. Type 1 diabetes is not caused by eating the wrong foods nor too much sugar, neither is it caused by anything that the child or parents did or didn’t do.