Understanding VA Disability Benefits For Parkinson’s Disease
If you are a former military service member living with Parkinson’s Disease, you may be eligible for disability compensation through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. There are a few steps that you will need to complete to receive these disability benefits.
Specifically, Veterans need to prove service connection for their condition. You may also be eligible for benefits based on conditions that are secondary to Parkinson’s Disease. Based on these factors, the VA will calculate a disability rating to determine compensation.
It’s also important to note that Vietnam Veterans may be eligible for benefits for Parkinson’s Disease related to agent orange exposure. This guide will go over all of these factors, so you can start your disability claim and receive compensation for your medical conditions.
Service Connection For Parkinson’s Disease
Some former service members may be eligible for direct service connection, meaning something happened in military service that caused your Parkinson’s or the disease was first diagnosed or manifested during service. This service connection is not easy to prove and will almost always require an independent medical opinion to show that you were beginning to show signs of Parkinson’s during service or a particular chemical you were exposed to caused the condition.
There is research that is starting to show exposure to certain chemicals does cause Parkinson’s Disease, and some of those chemicals such as TCE and PCE have been found in the water of Camp Lejeune. There is also evidence that Agent Orange herbicide exposure causes Parkinson’s, which the VA has now conceded. Agent Orange has also been linked to respiratory cancer, multiple myeloma, prostate cancer, bladder cancer, lymphoma, soft tissue sarcoma, and chronic b-cell leukemias. This service connection is particularly prevalent for Vietnam War Veterans.
If you were exposed to Agent Orange and have Parkinson’s, you are able to take advantage of the VA’s rules for presumptive service connection. This is a relatively simple case if you served on the landmass or “brown water” of Vietnam, but for other Veterans, including Blue Water Veterans, claiming the presumption has been more difficult. With the expected changes coming to the VA law regarding Blue Water Veterans, many more Veterans should soon be able to take advantage of the presumption of service connection for Parkinson’s disease.
Disability Ratings For Parkinson’s Disease
Once you are awarded service connection for Parkinson’s, the fight may not be over. This is mostly because of the rating system the VA uses for Parkinson’s. The minimum rating you can be awarded by the VA for Parkinson’s disease is 30 percent, but if you fail to appeal that rating, you are potentially leaving thousands of dollars of benefits on the table.
The 30 percent rating is given to Veterans who have the diagnosis of Parkinson’s, and is basically acknowledging that they have the condition. What many Veterans do not realize is that once you are service connected for Parkinson’s Disease, you are entitled to service connection for all the other problems that the condition causes: talking, swallowing, walking, balance problems, using your hands, memory, concentration, depression, and many more. If you have Parkinson’s, you are entitled to a separate rating for any condition that it causes. As you may guess, this can be a long list, especially as the disease progresses.
If you are service connected for Parkinson’s, you also need to apply for a Total Disability Rating based on Individual Unemployability. Often Veterans are initially rated as 30 percent disabled by the VA for Parkinson’s, but are on Social Security for Parkinson’s. If you are unable to work because of Parkinson’s, it is important to file a claim for individual unemployability with the VA, not only so you receive benefits at the 100 percent rate, but so you can receive what is known as Special Monthly Compensation as well.
Special Monthly Compensation is compensation that is awarded above and beyond the 100 percent disability payments for conditions that are more serious and more debilitating than for which the 100 percent rate is able to compensate. For instance, you may be eligible for SMC is you are housebound or need aid and attendance. Or, you may be able to receive SMC for the loss of use of your hands, feet, or vision. Note that SMC is not a separate claim, and is instead part of the original appeal. When you appeal for a higher rating for Parkinson’s Disease, it is a good idea to also appeal for individual unemployability and any SMC to which you are entitled.
Disabilities Secondary to Parkinson’s Disease
While most people tend to think of Parkinson’s disorder as a neurological movement disorder, and it most certainly is, many people do not realize that other systems in the body can also be severely affected by Parkinson’s. Often, the same chemical exposure (for example Agent Orange,) can also cause other disorders, such as ischemic heart disease. However, often it is the Parkinson’s itself, or the medication used to treat it that is the causal factor in the development of a new disorder. Whether a Veteran’s Parkinson’s was caused by exposure to the TCDD in agent orange, pesticides, trichloroethylene, or its origins are unknown, Parkinson’s cause many secondary health effects and disabilities.
Parkinson’s is known as a neurodegenerative disorder; that is, it causes neurons to degenerate or decay. The most famous area for PD degeneration is in an area of the brain called the substantia nigra, where Parkinson’s causes the death of neurons that generate dopamine, a neurotransmitter which is involved with movement. However, more recent studies have also shown that Parkinson’s also attacks nerves in the heart which produce another neurotransmitter, noradrenaline. This typically takes place in the left ventricle and can have many complications.
Noradrenaline is the primary messenger used by the sympathetic nervous system, the system of the body used to control things we don’t consciously think about: the beating of the heart, breathing, blood pressure, even how dilated our pupils are at any given time.
The most common cardiovascular problem related to Parkinson’s is orthostatic hypotension, which is a sudden drop in blood pressure when standing or sitting upright. Many Parkinson’s patients may need to get out of bed or out of a chair extremely slowly to avoid passing out. This can cause FURTHER secondary disabilities, including orthopedic or muscular trauma due to falls.
Medications such as Levodopa can be a lifesaver to Parkinson’s sufferers, however up to 10% of those medicated by PD medications such as Levodopa, Carbidopa, and Entacapone experience cardiovascular symptoms such as irregular heartbeat, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, and stroke. One study found that 2.4% of patients who were taking carbidopa/levodopa had cardiovascular ischemic events, compared to only 1.1% in patients taking a placebo.
A 2013 study found a nearly three-fold increase in the risk of stroke in patients with Parkinson’s. There is also a two-fold increase in the risk of heart failure and a 50% increase in the risk of dying from heart failure in Parkinson’s patients.
While Parkinson’s Disease is a neurological disorder, it can quite frequently cause orthopedic problems. Falls from Parkinson’s are frequent, both from the movement symptoms as well as the orthostatic hypotension noted above. As Parkinson’s frequently attacks the elderly, their bones may be brittle and easily break during a fall. To make matters worse, Parkinson’s sufferers have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis and osteoporosis. This is believed to be due to a loss of bone mass resulting from the fact that PD sufferers tend to move around a lot less than non-sufferers.
In those sufferers who have had severe falls or needed spinal or other surgery, the tremors associated with Parkinson’s often severely affect recovery, or make total recovery nearly impossible. A cast is designed to reduce movement of a recovering limb; involuntary tremors are not helpful in this regard.
Both Parkinson’s itself, as well as the medications used to treat it, can have severe psychiatric effects that can often be extremely debilitating. Dementia is common, and PD sufferers often experience cognitive problems, attention problems, as well as depression, anxiety, and even psychosis.
As I mentioned above, the primary problem in Parkinson’s disease involves the creation of dopamine, and while dopamine is involved in movement, it also is involved in addictive behavior. Often, bizarre behavioral changes happen in patients who are being treated with Parkinson’s medication, such as sexual addiction, compulsive gambling, binge eating, and overuse of medications.
As I mentioned above, Parkinson’s affects the parts of our neurological system that works automatically, without effort. We do not will food along our digestive tract, or decide to start sweating more; it just happens. As such, many seemingly smaller problems can arise. Many Parkinson’s sufferers experience constipation, loss of bowel and/or bladder control, excessive sweating, vision problems, and even the loss of the sense of smell (anosmia.)
Sleep problems are extremely common in Parkinson’s patients. REM disorders, where patients actually act out their dreams, can be extremely dangerous and occur frequently in Parkinson’s. Other patients experience insomnia, others cannot stay awake. In fact, 13% of Parkinson’s patients who are on medication experience sudden sleep attacks.
50% to 80% of patients with Parkinson’s disease have abnormal glucose tolerance which may Parkinson’s medication may worsen. However, the link between diabetes and Parkinson’s is not yet fully understood. Diabetes may be secondary to Parkinson’s, particularly if the patient is obese, is experiencing binge eating due to medications, and is not moving as much as they used to. However, some research actually points to diabetes as being a possible culprit in the development of Parkinson’s, so this association may go either way.
Parkinson’s is an insidious and difficult disorder to experience, and we can see that it is much more than just some tremors. If you have service-connected Parkinson’s, you need to be fully aware of these secondary conditions in order to receive the medical care and compensation you deserve.
VA Claims for Parkinson’s Disease Related to Agent Orange Exposure
Some Veterans may develop Parkinson’s Disease due to Agent Orange exposure. If you are a Blue Water Veteran who is hoping to be awarded service connection for a condition caused by Agent Orange exposure due to the expected changes to VA law in regards to Blue Water Veterans, you need to be aware of the all the conditions that are on the VA’s list for presumptive service connection. Today, we are going to talk about Parkinson’s disease. This condition is one of the latest diseases to be added to the presumptive list and also has the potential to net you many benefits because of the residual conditions it causes.
As you can see, there is a potential for a lot of benefits for Veterans who suffer from Parkinson’s because it is a particularly devastating disease. For Blue Water Veterans who will finally be eligible for presumptive service connection under the expected changes to VA law, it is important to know what benefits are available to you so you do not leave any benefits that you are owed on the table. Especially for a condition like Parkinson’s, it is likely that you would be eligible for compensation above and beyond the 100 percent rate when you factor in SMC.